The Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML) is part of the Faculty of Science of Leiden University (UL). The main area of work is research and education in the multidisciplinary field of sustainability science, drawing

from both the natural and social sciences. CML has two research departments: Conservation Biology (CML-CB), dealing with issues of biodiversity and sustainable land use and Industrial Ecology (CML-IE),

dealing with research into the development of tools for decision making on sustainable production and consumption. CML has led several Framework Programme projects and has participated in dozens.

The Industrial Ecology program of the Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML-IE) conducts fundamental and policy-oriented research in the area of the use and management of natural resources and the impacts of resource use on the environment. CML-IE research projects include both methodology development and application on various fields.