Barbara Reck is a Senior Research Scientist at the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale University. Her research centers on mapping the use of materials as a means to identify opportunities for improving the material and energy efficiency across the material cycle. She has studied metal cycles extensively, including detailed case studies on nickel and stainless steel. These studies formed the basis for in-depth studies on metal recycling and its energy implications, metal criticality, and scenarios on the future supply and demand of the major metals – topics that inform both environmental and resource policy. She regularly serves on advisory boards of international research projects and is an active member of the International Society for Industrial Ecology. Dr. Reck serves as node lead Systems Analysis and Integration at the newly established REMADE Institute, whose mission it is to reduce the embodied energy and carbon emissions associated with industrial-scale materials production and processing.